Have you heard this term “Coronavirus”, ever before 2019? We think some you might have heard it before but nobody has imagined that it will become today’s reality. And here we are, in this real-world where this “Coronavirus” has become “a global pandemic.” Statistics are increasing very fast worldwide. At the time of writing this article, more than 4.63 million cases have been reported across 188 counties and territories, resulting in more than 311,000 death. Also, more than 1.69 million people have recovered. Check COVID-19 stats online: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/
India has reported its first coronavirus case on 30 January 2020. As of today, there are 90,927 cases, 34,109 recoveries and 2,872 deaths in the country. On 22 March, India was under 14-hour voluntary “Janta curfew” as requested by the prime minister Narendra Modi. India is believing in lockdown as “Lockdown for Knockdown.” India has declared its first nationwide lockdown on 24 March 2020. Till 17 May 2020, India has completed three phases of nationwide lockdown. Now, the Ministry of Home Affairs has announced another phase of nationwide lockdown from 17 May 2020 till 31 May 2020 with new guidelines. For official guidelines on “lockdown 4” and stats of coronavirus in India visit: https://www.mha.gov.in/sites/default/files/MHAOrderextension_1752020.pdf and https://www.mohfw.gov.in/
The whole world is in an unpredicted situation where nobody knows what is exactly going to happen next? Do you know? Coronavirus has dented everything from business to economy. Everything is critically attacked by the coronavirus. According to WHO, there are no available vaccines nor specific antiviral treatment for COVID-19. It is a new disease, many of the details of its symptoms and spread are under investigation. Many organization, private and public sectors are doing their intensive research on novel coronavirus.
The whole world is experiencing this COVID-19 outbreak for the first time. Study reveals that coronavirus attacks directly to the immune system of humans. Above all, through the trend and investigations, it is clear that for this disease, as of now “prevention is the only cure.” For that also, you should know the right way to take preventions so that you can save yourself from COVID-19.
Frequently Asked Questions on COVID-19
A. What is “coronavirus” or COVID-19? What are the initial and common symptoms of Coronavirus?
The term “coronavirus disease” generally known as “Covid-19” is an infectious disease caused by “severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2).” Coronavirus is a type of common virus that causes infection in your respiratory tract and affect your immune system. The Covid-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an affected person coughs or sneezes.
It is said that the first case of Covid-19 was reported in Wuhan (China) in December 2019. But the cause and origin are still a topic of debate. Rather than this, we should now focus on the present situation.
After some investigation, WHO relates Coronavirus with SARS (sudden acute respiratory syndrome). Hence, they gave the name to disease as “Covid-19” and the virus is named as “SARS-COV-2.”
Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)
As reported by WHO, the most common symptoms are:
- Dry cough
Less common symptoms:
- Aches and pains
- Sore throat
- Loss of taste and smell
- Rashes on skin
- Difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath
- Chest pain or pressure
- Loss of speech or movement
It can take from 5 to 14 days, to show symptoms when someone is infected with the virus. (information source- WHO)
B. What are the precautions/prevention should be taken for COVID-19?
According to WHO
- You should wash your hands regularly with soap and if the soap is not available, use alcohol-based sanitizer on your hands.
- Avoid touching your face when you are outside your home.
- Always cover your mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing.
- Stay indoors if you feel unwell.
- Boost your immunity
- Refrain from smoking and other related activities as it can weaken the lungs.
- Practice physical distancing/social distancing by avoiding unnecessary travel and staying away from the crowded place.
Social distancing – It means to keep space between yourself and other people.
To practice social distancing:
- Stay at least 6 feet from other people
- Do not gather in groups
- Avoid mass gatherings
More about social distancing, check: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/social-distancing.html
As there is no vaccine for coronavirus till date, the only thing which can save us from this pandemic is “precautions”. This is really true in this context that, “prevention is better than cure.”
C. When a disease becomes “a pandemic” or what is the meaning of “pandemic”?
Epidemic: A disease is said to be an epidemic when it spread to a large number of people in a specific population within a short time span. An epidemic is restricted to one location.
Outbreak: According to WHO, “a disease outbreak is the occurrence of disease cases in excess of normal expectancy. The number of cases varies according to the disease-causing agent, the size and type of previous and existing exposure to the agent.” In other terms, an outbreak is a sudden increase in a number of cases of a disease. For example, “COVID-19” is a global pandemic outbreak.
Clusters: According to CDC, “cluster is an unusual aggregation, real or perceived, of health events that are grouped together in time and space and that are reported to a health agency.”
Pandemic: According to WHO, “Pandemic is the worldwide spread of a new disease.” For instance, an influenza pandemic occurs when a new influenza virus emerges and spreads around the world, and most people do not have immunity. The most fatal pandemic recorded in human history was the “Black Death”, also known as “The Plague”. Recently, the “Covid-19” or “coronavirus” was declared a pandemic by the WHO on 11 March 2020.
D. How to boost immunity during the “COVID-19 pandemic”? /How to boost immunity in lockdown?
As coronavirus directly attacks the human immune system, so, immunity-boosting is important to survive this COVID-19 pandemic without any vaccine. Ministry of Ayush has given several guidelines for boosting immunity. They have introduced the concept of “Ayurveda” which most of the people have forgotten nowadays. As of now, there is no vaccine for coronavirus hence, it is good to take preventive measures which are helpful for saving us from this deadly virus. Some of the immunity-boosting tips are
- Drink warm water throughout the day.
- Daily practice of Yogasana, Pranayama and Meditation for at least 30 minutes as advised by Ministry of Ayush.
- Take Chyavanprash 10gm in the morning
- Golden milk- Half teaspoon Haldi (turmeric) powder in 150ml hot milk-once or twice a day.
Also, there are some more tips such as Nasal Application, Oil pulling therapy, etc.
Read in detail all the information and guidelines about “Boosting immunity in lockdown”
Disclaimer: The above advisory does not claim to be treatment for COVID-19.
Our recommendation for boosting your immunity:
- Baidyanath Chyawanprash, Buy it on Online
- Dabur Chyawanprakash Sugar free, Buy it on Online
- Dabur Chyawanprash 2X Immunity, Buy it on Online
- Herbal Tea, Buy it on Online
- Turmeric, Buy it on Online
E. What kind of masks and sanitizers should be used in COVID-19 outbreak?
You can use any type of mask you have, whether it is surgical or home-made. The main purpose of a face mask is to stop the tiny water droplets reaching to your mouth or nose when an infected person sneezes or coughs. The droplets should not enter into your nose and mouth. Most importantly, you should also know when to wear a facemask.
Indeed, coronavirus is highly infectious. You should often wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, you can use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. You should maintain this habit in your daily routine. For more details : https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/cleaning-disinfection.html
F. What is a lockdown? What are some do’s and don’ts during a lockdown in India?
A lockdown can be defined as a protocol implemented by an authorized agency that prevents its people from leaving or entering a particular given area. Some essential services are however permitted for the people.
In India, first nationwide lockdown, for 21 days, was announced by the Indian government on 24 March 2020. On 14 April, Prime Minister Narendra Modi extended the lockdown until 3 May, with some conditional relaxations. This was lockdown 2.0 in India. Again, the Indian government has extended the nationwide lockdown third time until 17 May. Also, the government has divided India into three zones named “green zone”, “red zone”, and “orange zone.” Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has indicated about lockdown 4 while addressing the nation on 12 May 2020.
Firstly, on 17 May 2020, firstly, Maharashtra, Punjab and Tamil Nadu state government have announced lockdown 4 in their states with some guidelines. Hence, in the late evening on 17 May 2020, Ministry of Home Affairs has declared the fourth phase of lockdown in India till 31 May 2020. Also, they have issued some guidelines on what services are permitted in “lockdown 4” and what services still remain on pause.
Read the “Guidelines for lockdown 4” https://www.mha.gov.in/sites/default/files/MHAOrderextension_1752020.pdf
Things you should do during lockdown-
- Wash your hands frequently with soap or rub alcohol-based sanitizer.
- Maintain hygiene and cleanliness around you.
- Use face mask whenever you feel to step out of your house in an emergency situation.
- Follow the guidelines for lockdown, issued by the government.
- Try to do something productive at home.
- Include every essential nutrient in your diet and try to boost your immunity.
- Stay Positive and stay connected to your family and friends.
Things to avoid in lockdown-
- Do not unnecessarily step out of your house.
- Do not panic
- Do not waste your time to watch depressive things on social media.
- Do not socialize.
- Do not spread hatred and fake messages.
G. What do you mean by red zone, orange zone and green zone in India?
Red Zones: These are the districts which are most intensely affected by COVID-19. These zones are in all time surveillance protocols. Till date, only essentials services are allowed in these zones. Red zones are highly alerted on Arogya Setu App.
Green Zones: These are the districts which have zero confirmed cases till date in last 21 days.
Orange Zones: Those districts, which are neither under red zones nor under green zones, are named as “orange zones.” However, these zones may be re-defined by the state governments in the upcoming “Lockdown 4.0.”
H. Who is most at risk for the Coronavirus disease?
Any person can get infected by coronavirus if proper preventions are not taken. Most important is recovery from coronavirus. The recovery rate differs from person to person based on their immunity and other factors.
People over the age of 65, infants and those who have existing medical conditions like blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, asthma, kidney problems, etc. are at the most risk. These people often do not have strong immunity and that’s why recovery is quite tough for them as compared to other normal people. However, exceptions are there.
I. What is the recovery rate of COVID-19?
A study based on WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) says that the recovery rate for mild cases is approximately 2 weeks and for severe cases, it is 3-6 weeks.
J. Can Coronavirus disease spread through food, groceries, milk packets, etc.?
Imagine a scenario where you unintentionally bought some grocery from an infected person who is suffering from coronavirus. He coughed and touched all the grocery with the same hand. Still, you will not get infected? Certainly, there are chances of infection. We suggest you eliminate this chance every time by taking some precautionary measures.
Some people are washing all the grocery, vegetables and milk packets with warm water and hydrogen peroxide, however, there is no evidence of the truth about this fact.
Some are cleaning all the grocery, milk packets with soap water. Everybody is doing according to what they have read on the internet. You can also react accordingly.
According to us, the best way to avoid any risk is to buy limited and urgently required grocery only at a time and keep that grocery, vegetable and untouched in one corner of your house for several hours. After then wash them with saltwater. For milk packets, immediately pour the milk in a clean utensil and dispose of the milk packet in a covered dustbin. Afterwards, wash your hands with soap.
Above all, there is no evidence that shows coronavirus can be transmitted through grocery and milk packets.
K. Can animals spread Coronavirus?
We don’t know the exact source of Coronavirus from where it is originated but it is probably true that it is originated from an animal. But again, this is under research. The risk of spreading of COVID-19 from animals to humans is considered below. On the other hand, USA has reported its first case as a tiger tested positive for coronavirus.
If you are more curious to know more about the facts related to animals and coronavirus or if you are having pets, you can visit: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-coping/animals.html
L. When will “COVID-19 end or when will a “COVID-19” vaccine be ready?
Till date, there is no vaccine for coronavirus. As this virus is new, so it will take time to develop a vaccine because before a vaccine gets approval for manufacture, it will have to go through several phases and trials. More than 80 vaccine projects are under development.
M. How to stay calm and relax during lockdown?
Survival tips during lockdown-
- Firstly, you have to understand that you are safer in your home as compared to other places outside your home. Lockdown is exactly for you not for government or others. Lockdown is implemented just to ensure your safety from COVID-19. Hence, you should have a positive perspective regarding lockdown and quarantine.
- Try to give time to your hobbies during the lockdown.
- Maintain a healthy routine
- Spend some time for meditation and yoga
- Have a video chat with family, friends and relatives whenever you feel alone during the lockdown
- Try your hands in learning new skills such as gardening, cooking, painting, art and craft etc.
- Spend your time reading books and novels. Life’s Amazing Secrets: How to Find Balance and Purpose in Your Life
- Stay positive all the time. Do not watch or forward any video or content on social media having hatred.
- Link your soul to god through some religious activities in the home.
- If you are living with your grandparents, try to spend some time with them, they will be more than happy and seeing them smiling you will also feel refresh and happy.
- Chill with your friends. Organize a virtual party and invite all your close friends.
- Enjoy NETFLIX and watch the latest shows and movies.
- Spend some time in helping your children in learning a new skill.
Ourhomestory has done its best to reveal each and every fact and doubts about coronavirus. This COVID-19 Pandemic is “a war against an invisible.” We hope you are now aware of it very well. If still, you are in any doubt, let us know in the comment section below. Do not believe in any kind of rumours. Confirm any news before forwarding it on social media. Support government agencies as much as you can.
At last, we want you to know about some “MythBusters” as there are so many people who are intentionally spreading hatred and rumours. Click the link: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters
The whole team of OurHomeStory pray for everyone who is suffering from Coronavirus. Also, we salute to our front-line warriors such as our doctors, nurses, policemen, other medical, non-medical staff who are working 24×7 to fight against Coronavirus. We request you all to support all these people and pray for the betterment of the entire world.
Thanks for Reading!
Stay safe, Stay home